Cashmere is a luxuriant wool that many a fashion-conscious woman has dreamed of wearing against her skin. Its silken feel, feather-light weight, and high-end status make it very desirable. Despite the glamour associated with cashmere, it hails from humble beginnings. Cashmere is the wool or fur of the Kashmir goat. Kashmir goats are primarily raised in Mongolia, but many are bred in Iran, Tibet, India and China. American herders have also joined the international cashmere production market in recent years.
The finest cashmere comes from the underbelly and throat of the goats, but a lesser grade is also taken from the goats' legs and backs. Longer fibres from the belly and throat area make the wool especially soft and cause less "pilling" when the fibres are woven into garments such as sweaters, shawls, capes, dresses, and coats for both men and women. The shorter fibres from the backs and legs are heavier and less expensive, making it easier to afford a luxury garment. Cashmere comes naturally in white, grey and brown, but the wool is easily dyed.
Fine de-haired under coat cashmere wool is a truly beautiful fibre which has been used as one of life’s luxuries for thousands of years. The soft fine fibres offer luxurious, comfortable insulation from its lightweight make up which helps create the breathable micro-climate which is so important in many applications. The fibres are highly adaptable and are easily transformed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavyweight fabrics. The high moisture content allows insulation properties to change with the relative humidity in the air.